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Enquiry from Online Galleries regarding "19th Century 194 Piece Tumbledown Dick Service"
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Printed and painted with an exotic bird perched on a branch of peonies, enriched in gilt, on a ground of green cracked-ice. The Tumbledown Dick pattern was produced in several colour combinations and also in combination with a marble sheet pattern. It was printed in blue under-glaze, then lacquered and re-printed with the marble sheet pattern. Some design elements were also coloured in under-glaze and enamelling was also applied over the glaze.
Spode is a Stoke-on-Trent based pottery company that was founded by Josiah Spode (1733–1797) in 1770. Josiah Spode earned renown for perfecting under-glaze blue transfer printing in 1783–1784 – a development that led to the launch in 1816 of Spode's Blue Italian range which has remained in production ever since. Josiah Spode is also often credited with developing a successful formula for fine bone china. Whether this is true or not, his son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china.
Josiah Spode is credited with the introduction of underglaze blue transfer printing on earthenware in 1783–84. The Worcester and Caughley factories had commenced transfer printing underglaze and over glaze on porcelain in the early 1750s, and from 1756 overglaze printing was also applied to earthenware and stoneware. The processes for underglaze and over glaze decoration were very different. Over glaze "bat printing" on earthenware was a fairly straightforward process, and designs in a range of colours including black, red and lilac were produced. Underglaze "hot-press" printing was limited to the colours that would withstand the subsequent glaze firing, and a rich blue was the predominant colour. To adapt the process from the production of small porcelain tea wares to larger earthenware dinner wares required the creation of more flexible paper to transmit the designs from the engraved copper plate to the biscuit earthenware body, and the development of a glaze recipe that brought the color of the black-blue cobalt print to a brilliant perfection. When Spode employed the skilled engraver Thomas Lucas and printer James Richard, both of the Caughley factory, in 1783 he was able to introduce high quality blue printed earthenware to the market. Thomas Minton, another Caughley-trained engraver, also supplied copper plates to Spode until he opened his own factory in Stoke-on-Trent in 1796.
Note there a few items which have been damaged/restored and are shown separately in the images, there is no charge for these items and are included in the final price.
2 - Small Jugs
1 - Large shaped Jar and Lid (2)
1 - Wasted Circular Vase
19 - Scalloped Dessert Dishes
1 - Large Potpourri (3)
6 - Sauce Tureens with Lids and Bases (18)
3 - Ladles
1 - Twin Handled flower Vase with pierced Lid (2)
1 - sauce Boat and Base (2)
2 - Rectangular footed dessert comports
4 - Footed fruit bowls
12 - Oval 10 inch dishes
9 - Pierced deep dishes with handles
87 - 8 inch plates
13 - 9.5 inch pierced plates
12 - 9inch plates
|Height||12.00 inch||(30.48 cm)|
|Width||9.00 inch||(22.86 cm)|
|Depth||9.00 inch||(22.86 cm)|