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Enquiry from Online Galleries regarding "19th Century Indian Ivory, Horn and Ebony Inlaid Turban Stand"
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The top half of the backplate, above the shelf, has a central section centred around two flowers surrounded by vines and leaves, framed within a border of quatrefoils, which is set within a chevron moulding consisting of alternating ebony and ivory. This is surrounded by foliate designs inlaid with ivory, which are framed by a border of diaper ornament, and then a border of quatrefoils. A band of quatrefoils decorate the mount used to support the shelf. The inlaid ivory foliate designs continue on the lower backplate, where the designs are less dense.
The upper and lower edges of the backplate have a chevron border consisting of alternating ebony and ivory, the shelf with a similar chevron moulding consisting of alternating horn and ivory, and, below this, a row of ivory finished with jagged edges. All of the chevron borders are secured with horn pegs. Two ivory finials are mounted, one at the top and one at the bottom of the backplate – the upper finial leaf-shaped, and the lower ivory finial marquise-shaped.
Amin Jaffer explains that inlay work was much practised throughout the Punjab, but with varying degrees of success, and that the finest inlayers were concentrated in the Hoshiarpur District. These Hoshiarpur inlaid designs were Islamic in character, hence figures played little or no role in the ornament, which was instead characterised by geometric motifs and geometrically positioned foliage, as in this example. Further evidence that this turban stand was made in the Hoshiarpur District is indicated by the use of quatrefoils and diaper ornament, which were common in the Hoshiarpur geometric borders. (Amin Jaffer, 'Furniture from British India and Ceylon: A Catalogue of the Collections in the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Peabody Essex Museum' (Timeless Books, New Delhi, 2001), pp. 285-7).
Hoshiarpur inlay work was usually executed on dalbergia sissoo or Indian Rosewood, which is also known as shisham. Shisham is the state tree of the Punjab and is indigenous to the region, so the shisham used to make this turban stand was grown locally. The ebony would have been brought in from the region north of Hoshiarpur, near the River Ravi. Ivory was imported from Amritsar and Jalandhar by local ivory bangle- and comb-makers, and inlayers purchased the remnants for their work. The design of this turban stand resembles that of an Ottoman or Turkish turban stand, known as a ‘Kavukluk’.
|Height||61.00 cm||(24.02 inches)|
|Width||37.00 cm||(14.57 inches)|
|Depth||16.50 cm||(6.50 inches)|
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