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Enquiry from Online Galleries regarding "A Fine Queen Anne Giltwood Pier Table with an early Egyptian Alabaster Top"
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Look at what I found on the Online Galleries website!
grand tour from a Roman classical sight, above a concave frieze decorated with stylised carved acanthus
leaves alternating with framed harebells; the shaped apron centred with a shell adorned mask seemingly
suspended by swags of leaves originating from scrolls of acanthus leaves attached on either side to two front
solid legs formed as female caryatid supporting, seemingly on their heads, the entire moulded frieze and
marble above. Each caryatid stands on a moulded block pedestal above acanthus decorated bun feet. The
two sides of the table decorated with scrolling acanthus leaves and central plumes of acanthus; the back
square decorated inverted baluster supports terminating in acanthus decorated bun feet all joined together by
X-shaped scrolling stretchers, the centre supporting a reclining putto clasping a horn.
The guide to Period styles for interiors from the 17th Century to the present, second
edition by Judith Gura. Page 61
It is known that there was an ancient town called Alabastron in the Nile valley of Egypt
where a beautiful creamy-white banded calcite deposit was quarried as early as 4000 BC.
This stone was named Alabaster. It was first worked for making small vases, bowls and
handleless pots that were considered the best storage receptacles for perfumes and precious
oils. It was also cut into slabs for construction and decoration, and by the time of the
Pharaohs it was being carved to make figurines, sarcophagi, canopy and votive dishes.
Some of the most notable examples to be seen today are the huge sarcophagus of Seti I in
Sir John Soane’s Museum in London, the alabaster sphinx at Memphis, and the statue of
Amenhotep III and the crocodile god Sobek in Luxor. The ancient Romans
enthusiastically adopted this stone when they subsumed Egypt into the Roman Empire,
using it for columns, wine vessels and many other purposes.
Report by Dr Adam Bowett:
This compact and remarkably original table embodies the French-inspired, high-baroque
classicism which dominated English art and design at the turn of the 17th and 18th
centuries. Tables of this form, with caryatid supports and crossed stretchers, emerged in
Paris in the 1660s and are particularly associated with the designs of Charles Le Brun
(1619-1690), whom Louis XIV appointed Director of the French Royal Workshops in
1663. The form was widely copied and occurs, for instance, in published engravings by
Jean Le Pautre (1618-1682) . One of Le Pautre’s pupils, Daniel Marot, left France in 1686
to become designer and ‘architect’ to the Dutch Stadtholder, William of Orange, and
together they inaugurated a new era of high-style French taste in Holland. When William
succeeded to the English throne in 1689 he continued his promotion of French arts despite
the fact that in commerce, in politics and on the battlefield he was the most implacable
enemy of the French King.
Marot’s work for William III in Holland is well documented, and includes a drawing of a
table and stands with caryatid supports, dated 1701. The table was made for William’s
Dutch country house at Het Loo, and appears in Marot’s engraving of William’s
apartments there, published in 1703. English craftsmen worked in the same vein, and the
most remarkable surviving English caryatid table was made for the King in 1699 by the
London goldsmith Andrew Moore. An example at Petworth is thought to combine a
French metal marquetry top and English base, while at Hopetoun House, near
Edinburgh, is a japanned and gilt suite with caryatid stands made for Charles Hope (later
1st Earl of Hopetoun) by an unknown English craftsmen about 1700.
Although derived from French prototypes, the present table has several typically English
attributes, particularly the coved frieze with its punched ground and well-spaced shallowrelief
decoration. Indeed, there are clear parallels with later work produced by London
workshops in the 1720s. However, the deep apron and stylized pillar rear legs suggest an
earlier date, the latter having close similarities with tables made about 1705 for Queen
Anne by Jean Pelletier, while the scrolled and twisted stretcher echoes Andrew Moor’s
silver table of 1699. The ball foot with its leaf embellishment is also characteristic of
English tables made in the 1690s and early 1700s.
Table’s construction indicates that this is the product of a carver’s workshop with no
input from a joiner. It is entirely of lime wood, which was the preferred medium for high
quality carved work, and has no frame. Instead, the four legs act as the principal structural
elements to which the frieze rails are applied. The bottoms of the legs pass through the
stretcher, locking it in place, and are dowelled into the feet. The water gilding is original.
The top is a rare Egyptian alabaster, much prized by the Romans and probably re-used
from a classical Roman site.
Dr. Adam Bowett, 7 January 2013
|Height||78.00 cm||(30.71 inches)|
|Width||104.00 cm||(40.94 inches)|
|Depth||69.00 cm||(27.17 inches)|