A Fine Russian Icon decorated with Christ on the Cross, 18th century

A Fine Russian Icon decorated with Christ on the Cross, 18th century

1700 to 1800 Russia

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A Fine Russian Icon decorated with Christ on the Cross and on the reverse with the instruments of the Passion
18th Century
Size : 36cm x 22.5 cm x 3 cm
Provenance : From the estate of Lord Norton, Filloughley Hall, Warwichshire
The icon is painted on wood in the shape of a Byzantine cross. It is decorated with God the Father, the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, and the Holy Ghost above Christ crucified with the lance and vinegar sponge beside him, and skull and crossbones below with a Russian townscape behind. ABove and around the cross there is old Russian Cyrilllic lettering. The reverse is painted with the 24 symbols of the Passion.
The icon is used as an aid to devotion and has been venerated by orthodox Christians in the Byzantine and Eastern Church since the 12th century.
The Russian Orthodox Church together with the Churches of Greec, Romania, Bulgaria and Serbia, as well as the ancient churches in Africa such as the Coptic, Syrian and Ethiopian Church do not recognise the authority of the Pope in Rome. They use elaborate and archaic forms of service and all of them produce painted icons of different sorts, which are still used to invoke divine protection.
Dimensions
Height 36.00 cm (14.17 inches)
Width 22.50 cm (8.86 inches)
Depth 3.00 cm (1.18 inches)
Medium
wood , polychrome , paint , gilt
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