A Queen Anne Stained Field Maple “Mulberry-wood”, Boxwood and Ebony Strung Bureau-Cabinet   In the Manner of Coxed and Woster
A Queen Anne Stained Field Maple “Mulberry-wood”, Boxwood and Ebony Strung Bureau-Cabinet   In the Manner of Coxed and Woster

A Queen Anne Stained Field Maple “Mulberry-wood”, Boxwood and Ebony Strung Bureau-Cabinet   In the Manner of Coxed and Woster

c. 1710 England

Offered by Frank Partridge

£285,000 gbp
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The cabinet with two mirrored doors enclosing an elaborate fitted interior with an arrangement of drawers,
cupboard and folio slides; the broken arch pediment centred by a verre églomisé panel with later gilt
cartouche and finial; the bureau with sloping full opening to reveal an arrangement of cupboards
and pigeonholes over two short and two long drawers retaining their original handles over bracket and
bun feet.
Possibly commissioned by Sir John Philipps, 4th Baronet (1660-1736), for Picton Castle,
Pembrokeshire, and thence by descent.
Picton Castle:
Picton Castle has belonged to the baronets Philipps since the mid-15th century.
Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries they became one of the most influential families
in Pembrokeshire, whose power extended over many aspects of local life. With their vast
estates and philanthropic support of the Charity School Movement, they supplied
Pembrokeshire with sheriffs, justices of the peace, lord lieutenants and members of
Parliament for several generations. In consequence, Picton Castle became a focus of local
social and cultural life throughout this period. Samuel Lewis' Topographical Dictionary of
Wales, 1833, contains an extensive account of the building, describing it as 'a noble and
spacious mansion of considerable antiquity; and though it has undergone some alterations
and received several additions, to adapt it more for the purpose of modern residence, it
still preserves much of its original character of a fortress'.Although no eighteenth century bills, accounts and inventories of the contents of the castle
have so far come to light, it is likely that this bureau-cabinet was commissioned for the
castle by Sir John Philipps, 4th Baronet (1660-1736). Sir John was the first member of the
Philipps family to make a noticeable impact on the castle, his fortunate marriage to Mary,
daughter of Anthony Smith, a rich East India merchant, enabled some improvements to
the building. In 1697 Sir John pulled down part of the curtain wall, built the terrace and
created a main entrance at first-floor level. He also built an extra storey above the great
hall, altered windows and possibly wainscoted the rooms in the North East Tower. It is
possible that he introduced the bureau-cabinet in the years following these alterations.
The present bureau cabinet is finely veneered in burr maple, a wood often used by John
Coxed (fl. 1711-1718) and later Grace Coxed and Thomas Woster (fl. 1719-1735).
Trading from the White Swan Workshop, St. Paul's Churchyard, the firm labeled their
furniture: 'At the White Swan in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London; makes and sells
Cabinets, Book-Cases, Chests of Drawers, Scrutores [sic]; and Looking-glasses of all sorts
at reasonable rates'. Adam Bowett, Furniture History, 'Labeled Furniture from the White
Swan Workshop (1711-1735)', vol. XXXIX, 2003, pp. 71-98, cautions: '... it must be
emphasised that the use of stained burr maple veneers, with or without crossbanding and
stringing, does not on its own constitute adequate proof of (Coxed and Woster's)
authorship. The technique of staining veneers in this way was widely practised, and scores
of pieces survive which otherwise bear no relation, either technically or stylistically, to the
White Swan oeuvre.'
This technique involved the cutting of the roots of the field maple tree into veneers, laying
the veneers down onto the carcase and then pouring sulphuric acid onto the veneers to
open up the grain. With the grain open a mixture of soot and oil was rubbed into the
grain to obtain the desired marbleised effect. The veneer was then sealed with a polish
and waxed. It was generally thought that the desire for a marbleised effect arose as a
result of people seeing, on the Grand Tour, the fashion of the Italian cabinet makers of
making furniture out of marble.
Height 236.00 cm (92.91 inches)
Width 104.50 cm (41.14 inches)
Depth 61.00 cm (24.02 inches)
Frank Partridge

Frank Partridge
5 Frederic Mews

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