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The first Tenture Chinoise was woven at Beauvais after designs created circa 1688 by Vernansal, Monnoyer and Belin de Fontenay under the direction of Philippe Behagle. The last weaving of this series, with its purported depictions of the everyday life of the Chinese Emperors Shunzhi and Kangxi, dates to around 1727-28, shortly after which time the cartoons were considered beyond further use. Aware of a resurgence in fashion for chinoiserie Jean-Baptiste Oudry, the principal painter to the Beauvais works, commissioned a new set of designs from François Boucher in the early 1740’s that were developed as cartoons by Jean-Joseph Dumons and woven at Beauvais from 1743 until 1775. Dumons, the official artist for the workshops at Aubusson and Felletin, adapted some of these designs in a private capacity for the Aubusson merchant weaver Jean-François Picon in 1753, and weaving of these tapestries had begun by September 1754. The Picons were a major Aubusson weaving family, and Jean-François is recorded as having had a tapestry warehouse in Lisbon through which to trade. The resulting set consisted of nine large tapestries: la Danse, la Foire, la Pêche, la Chasse, la Toilette, l’Audience de l’Empereur (these six having designs derived from Boucher’s oil modelli, many of the others using various Boucher paintings and engravings as source material), le Thé, la Volière and le Jardinier; eight entre fenetres: le Berger Musicien, la Pêche au Filet (the present tapestry), la Pêche à la Ligne, la Mouture du Riz, l’Air, le Berger à la Houlette, le Chinois à l’Ombrelle, and Deux Chinoises; several overdoors, and approximately fifty upholstery designs. The design for la Pêche au Filet is derived from the left section of the Boucher sketch La Pêche Chinoise, now in the collection of the Musée de Besançon (inv. D.843.1.5). The Aubusson tapestries were finely woven and proved very popular. The most substantial set, consisting of ten tapestries and three overdoors, is at the Hôtel de Rohan-Soubise in Paris, and other examples may be seen in the collections of the Louvre, the Musée Nissim de Camondo, and the Royal Museums of Fine Arts & History, Brussels.
Chevalier & Bertrand, Les Tapisseries d’Aubusson et de Felletin, publ. Solange, 1988, pp. 112-118
Adelson, European Tapestry in The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, publ. Abrams, 1994, pp. 322-342
Franses, Chinoiserie: European Tapestry and Needlework 1680-1780, publ. Franses, 2006, pp. 58-63
|Height||243.50 cm||(95.87 inches)|
|Width||139.50 cm||(54.92 inches)|