Baron John Somers (1651-1716)
Baron John Somers (1651-1716)
Baron John Somers (1651-1716)
Baron John Somers (1651-1716)

JOHN OLIVER (1616-1701)

Baron John Somers (1651-1716)

c. 1690 United Kingdom

Offered by Ellison Fine Art


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wearing black robes and white lace collar
in the original silver frame with pierced spiral cresting.

Baron Somers played a leading part in shaping the Revolution settlement. He was Lord High Chancellor of England under King William III and was a chief architect of the union between England and Scotland achieved in 1707 and the Protestant succession achieved in 1714. In May 1689 Somers was made Solicitor General for England and Wales. He became William III's most confidential adviser. He was President of the Royal Society from 1698 to 1703.
Somers is immortalised in St Stephen's Hall, where he and other notable Parliamentarians look on at visitors to Parliament. In the eighteenth century Somers was hailed as the chief constitutional architect of the Protestant succession. The achievements of Somers and other Whig lawyers defined Whiggism for those living in the reigns of King George I and George II. William Pitt the Elder stated in 1761 that "he learnt his maxims and principles" from "the greatest lawyers, generals and patriots of King William's days: named Lord Somers".

Oliver was a glass painter and mason. He was probably one of the three commissioners fro rebuilding London after the fire. According to Daphne Foskett there is a miniature circa 1670 described as Earl of Essex by Oliver is in the Louvre. It is painted in watercolour and the face has brownish grey shading, suggesting a French influence, as is the case here..
Sotheby's, 11 March 1985, lot 188
Height 6.40 cm (2.52 inches)
Stock Code
Painted on vellum
Signed on the backing paper, further inscribed in a later hand on the reverse John Somers/ Born 1651. died 1716/ Called to the Bar in 1676/Lord Chancellor of/ England 1697/ Created Baron Somers of Evesham.
Ellison Fine Art

Ellison Fine Art
United Kingdom

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