Canton (Guangzhou): the hongs or Factories
Canton (Guangzhou): the hongs or Factories
Canton (Guangzhou): the hongs or Factories

CHINESE SCHOOL (18th Century )

Canton (Guangzhou): the hongs or Factories

c. 1799 China

Offered by Martyn Gregory Gallery

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The technique of painting on the ‘reverse’ of sheets of imported glass, for re-export to the West, was developed by the artists of Canton in the earlier part of the 18th century. The Cantonese artists’ themes included portraits, landscapes, subjects derived from European engravings, and - less commonly - topographical views.

Above the Western hongs or ‘Factories’ are the flags of (l. to r.) Denmark, (pre-Revolutionary) France, the Austro-Hungarian empire, Sweden, Britain and the Netherlands. The ‘Imperial’ flag, with its double-headed eagle, was first seen on the quayside in 1779; the portico of the British hong had been widened in the preceding year (compare no.74). See Paul A. Van Dyke and Maria Kar-wing Mok, Images of the Canton Factories 1760–1822, forthcoming in autumn 2015.
Height 23.53 cm (9.26 inches)
Stock Code
Reverse-glass painting, in the original Cantonese gilt frame
Martyn Gregory Gallery

Martyn Gregory Gallery
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