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Enquiry from Online Galleries regarding "Early Turner’s/Thrown Fruitwood Armchair"
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Look at what I found on the Online Galleries website!
Known as a ‘Turner's chair’ because each part is turned on a pole-lathe by a wood-turner. Stools and chairs are the most important aspects of turners’ furniture. The role of the turner is usually considered a secondary function – as a decorator of joined furniture, taking on aesthetic rather than structural responsibilities. Yet the turner was also responsible for an independent range of items, which included furniture, spinning wheels, mortars, cups, bowls and scales. The principle of turnery consists of shaping a piece of wood with chisels whilst it revolves around an axis between the jaws of a lathe. This process was precisely described in the seventeenth Century: ‘…Any substance, be it Wood, Ivory, Brass, etc., pitcht steddy upon two points (as on an Axis), and moved about on that Axis, also describes a Circle concentric to the Axis; And an Edge-Tool set steddy to that part of the Aforesaid Substance that is nearest the Axis, will in a Circumvolution of that Substance, cut off all the parts of Substance that lies further off the Axis and make the outside of that Substance also Concentrick to the Axis… This is a brief Collection, and indeed the whole Summ of Turning…’. (see Victor Chinnery, 'Oak Furniture: The British Tradition', Antique Collectors’ Club, 1979, pp. 81-86 for information about turning; and pp.87-104 for information about turned chairs). The terms ‘turner’ and ‘thrower’ mean the same thing, thus the classic turned chairs are described as both ‘turneyed’ and ‘throwen’ in English inventories.
|Height||109.00 cm||(42.91 inches)|
|Width||65.00 cm||(25.59 inches)|
|Depth||59.00 cm||(23.23 inches)|
Thomas Coulborn & Sons
64 Birmingham Road
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