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Enquiry from Online Galleries regarding "Hawaiian Islands Hook Shaped Sperm Whale Tooth Royal Pendant"
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Look at what I found on the Online Galleries website!
Early 19th Century
Size: 27cm long – 10½ ins long (approx)
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See: Finch & Co catalogue no. 4, item no. 80, for a Hawaiian hook
cf: Metropolitan Museum New York; The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, 1979.206.1623, for a similar example
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Large necklaces of this kind were a development of the early 19th century when whalers and traders began to supply sperm whale teeth in quantity to the Islands allowing craftsmen to create impressive versions of the old smaller hook shaped pendant, which were made when the precious whale ivory was obtained only through chance strandings.
Early historical examples are made of shell, coral and other materials as well as whale ivory, and it can therefore be concluded that it was the shape and form of the pendant rather than the material that served as the symbol of chiefly authority.
The necklace is made of exquisitely finely braided human hair. The eight-ply braid is formed from a single continuous length gathered into two large coils on either side of the central pendant through which a small number of braided loops are passed. The coils are tied with fibre and attached to cords, which tie at the back of the neck. Captain James Cook, the first European to visit Hawaii, observed that the Islanders often exchanged locks of hair, which was regarded as a sacred substance. The head was considered the most supernaturally powerful part of the body and so the beautifully braided coils of hair enhanced the ‘mana’ of the necklace and that of its noble wearer.