James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair
James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair
James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair
James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair
James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair
James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair

James I Oak and Ash Turner’s/Thrown Armchair

c. 1620 England

Offered by Thomas Coulborn & Sons

Price Upon Request
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From North Country, Possibly Lake District.

Known as a ‘Turner’s chair’ because all the parts, including the seat, are turned on a pole-lathe by a wood-turner – except for the unusual nulled-carved and punched-decorated horizontal rails and uprights incorporated into the back. The back uprights with pendants and disengaged from a single rear leg, the latter forming a three-post base with the bold, turned front supports. With four spindles between the front seat rail and the front stretcher, and a row of ball finials along the top edge of the stepped and curved cresting rail.

Stools and chairs are the most important aspects of turners’ furniture. The role of the turner is usually considered a secondary function – as a decorator of joined furniture, taking on aesthetic rather than structural responsibilities. Yet the turner was also responsible for an independent range of items, which included furniture, spinning wheels, mortars, cups, bowls and scales. The principle of turnery consists of shaping a piece of wood with chisels whilst it revolves around an axis between the jaws of a lathe. This process was precisely described in the seventeenth Century: ‘…Any substance, be it Wood, Ivory, Brass, etc., pitcht steddy upon two points (as on an Axis), and moved about on that Axis, also describes a Circle concentric to the Axis; And an Edge-Tool set steddy to that part of the Aforesaid Substance that is nearest the Axis, will in a Circumvolution of that Substance, cut off all the parts of Substance that lies further off the Axis and make the outside of that Substance also Concentrick to the Axis… This is a brief Collection, and indeed the whole Summ of Turning…’. (see Victor Chinnery, ‘Oak Furniture: The British Tradition’, Antique Collectors’ Club, 1979, pp. 81-86 for information about turning; and pp.87-104 for information about turned chairs). The terms ‘turner’ and ‘thrower’ mean the same thing, thus the classic turned chairs are described as both ‘turneyed’ and ‘throwen’ in English inventories.
Dimensions
Height 114.50 cm (45.08 inches)
Width 67.50 cm (26.57 inches)
Depth 58.50 cm (23.03 inches)
Stock Code
6507
Medium
Oak and ash.
Thomas Coulborn & Sons

Thomas Coulborn & Sons
Vesey Manor
64 Birmingham Road
Sutton Coldfield
West Midlands
B72 1QP
England

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