A large Chinese Wanli period (1563-1620) blue and white porcelain bowl in perfect condition depicting several panels with flowers and tree branches and a scene with birds in the center. The bowl has been later highlighted, possibly in Holland with gilt and iron red decoration through a process called "clobbering", which is here explained. Clobbered ware: During the first half of the 18th century the demand for polychrome wares in Europe was quite high. At the same time, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) was actually having problems getting sufficient finely decorated wares, preferable tea wares and other uncommon shapes. The lack of sufficient imports of polychrome Chinese export porcelain caused a certain amount of scarcity in Europe, which raised the prices. Several Dutch Delftware factories (as well as other European factories) jumped into the market and decided to decorate the more readily available blank as well as blue and white Chinese export porcelain with fancy colorful enamels. Sometimes these enamels were added without much regard for the original decoration. It is nowadays believed that these first clobbered wares date from the beginning of the 18th century, mainly using porcelain from the reign of the Chinese emperor Kangxi (1662-1722) as their base material for the clobbering (over-decoration) process. In contrast to what their name suggests, early clobbered wares can be extremely refined. Some of the best polychrome Chinese export porcelain pieces ever produced actually have clobbered decorations. In the Netherlands the clobbering was done in Delft and in Amsterdam and the wares are often referred to as "Amsterdams Bont" (colorful wares from Amsterdam). Often typical European style decorations were added. Due to the drop in demand, later in the 18th century the clobbering practice degenerated and only comparatively simple over-decorated pieces can be found from this period.