Louis XIV of Bourbon (1638-1715), King of France (1643-1715)
Louis XIV of Bourbon (1638-1715), King of France (1643-1715)

JEAN PETITOT (1607-c.1747)

Louis XIV of Bourbon (1638-1715), King of France (1643-1715)

c. 1670 France

Offered by Ellison Fine Art

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Louis XIV of Bourbon (1638-1715), King of France (1643-1715), wearing armour, blue sash and white lace jabot with tied red ribbon, and full bottomed brown wig
Set in gilt-metal frame with loop and ring suspension


Jean Petitot, was a Swiss painter who was the first great miniature portraitist in enamel.The son of the sculptor Faulle Petitot, he was apprenticed to a Swiss jeweler from 1622 to 1626. In 1633 he went to France, where he became the pupil of Jean and Henri Toutin, the originators of the art of painting miniature portraits in enamel. By 1637 Petitot had arrived in England, where he was patronized by Charles I and his court.
He had high expectations of his stay in England, but, after the outbreak of the first of the English Civil Wars, he returned to France. For many years he enjoyed the patronage of Louis XIV and his courtiers and executed many portraits of the king, his family, and the most-celebrated figures in the king’s entourage. He worked in partnership with Jacques Bordier until the latter’s death in 1684. When the Edict of Nantes, a document granting religious tolerance to French Protestants, was revoked in 1685, Petitot, as a Protestant, was imprisoned. Worn out by fever and old age, he signed a recantation and was freed. In 1687 he was allowed to return to Geneva and was received back into the Reformed church.
Petitot raised the art of enamel painting to a level never surpassed. While relying primarily on original portraits by others, he was able to preserve to a remarkable degree the character of the work he was transforming into a small jewel-like roundel. This enamel is reminiscent of Charles Le Brun's pastel in the Louvre, item number EDI193039.
Good
English Private collection
Dimensions
Height 27.00 mm (1.06 inches)
Stock Code
4144
Medium
enamel on copper
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Ellison Fine Art
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