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Enquiry from Online Galleries regarding "Meissen Swan Service Prototype Plate"
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Model by Johann Joachim Kaendler
Decorated with shells and snail
Molder’s sign: 4 triangles concentrically arranged = J. E. Grund
The presented plate is published in the Swan service catalogue by Ulrich Pietsch (2000, p. 28 fig. 13). Among Kaendler’s prototype plates it is the only one which is molded with the Swan service plastic relief and which bears Count Brühl’s coat of arms. It is the preproduction model of the Swan service and an unique object.
Because of the ‘better’ coat of arms of Count Brühl the plate is good dateable: It could not be created before 27th of May 1737, when Brühl got the status of imperial count (Reichsgrafenstand). During the development phase of the great Swan service Kaendler created 46 prototype plates, but only one with the moulded relief. The supply specification of the King’s depot in Dresden from 1738 (published by Pietsch) shows, that in the time between 13.07.1737 and 17.01.1738 46 prototype plates were delivered to Count Brühl – the ‘geheimden Cabinets Ministre Reichs Grafen Brühl’. Among these different plates Count Brühl decided to choose the presented one as model of his service – the famous Swan service.
The plastic relief of the presented plate is identical with the final form of the Swan service. Only the decoration is different. The plate shows (only) the ‘reichsgräfliche’ coat of arms of count Brühl, without the alliance with his wife Countess Maria Anna Franziska Kolowrat-Krakowsky. The shells and snails correspond to the Meissen decoration program dedicated to the name ‘Brühl’ (= means something like a floodplain]). The lip is painted with two shells and a snail house. The gilded line to the outer edge of the lip – which characterizes the later Swan service plates – is missing.
Andreina Torré, Zurich
Pietsch, Ulrich (ed.): Exhibition catalogue Schwanenservice: ‘Meissener Porzellan für Heinrich Graf von Brühl.’ (2000) / ‘Die Arbeitsberichte des Meissner Porzellanmodelleurs Johann Joachim Kaendler 1706 – 1775.’ (Leipzig 2002)
Rückert, Rainer: ‘Alchemistische Symbolzeichen als Meißener Masse-, Former-, Bossierer und Drehermarken im vierten Jahrzehnt des 18. Jahrhunderts.’ In Keramos 151 (1996)