Pair of Renaissance Wrought Iron Grilles
Pair of Renaissance Wrought Iron Grilles
Pair of Renaissance Wrought Iron Grilles

Pair of Renaissance Wrought Iron Grilles

c. 1580 to 1620 Germany or Austria

Offered by Thomas Coulborn & Sons

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Two forged iron grilles, each of rectangular form. With forged spiralled or scrolled ornament assembled around a central, diamond-shaped diagonal pattern.

Probably conceived either as window grilles or as gate panels. Clare Vincent explains that: ‘European wrought iron, like other applied arts, shared in the development and growth of the styles prevailing at various periods among the fine arts. Because of the relative intractability of the medium, a wrought-iron object rarely existed as an end in itself, yet it often was made to delight the eye as well as to serve a practical purpose.’ (Clare Vincent, ‘Precious Objects in Iron’ in ‘Ironwork’: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, v.22, no.8 (April, 1964), p.272).

For a related grille see the ‘Skylight Trellis with Habsburg Double Eagle and Styrian Panthers’, which is illustrated in Peter Krenn and Walter J. Karcheski, Jr.’s 'Imperial Austria: Treasures of Art, Arms and Armour from the State of Styria' (Art Exhibitions Australia Limited, 1998), figures 94 and 95, p.95; and Charles John Ffoulkes’ 'Decorative Ironwork from the XIth to the XVIIIth Century: with eighty-one diagrams in the text and thirty-two plates' (Methuen & Co., Ltd., London, 1913), p.61, figure 43 (see image below). Our pair of grilles has similarly spiralled ornament around a central diagonal design as can be seen in the wrought iron and gilt ‘Skylight Trellis’, which was made in Styria and is dated 1574. This trellis once hung above the irongate (‘Eisernes Tor’), at the southern entrance to the city of Graz. The five decorative zones of the gate are filled with Renaissance spiral motifs. The central section houses the Habsburg double eagle, cut out of iron sheet and painted gold bronze, with two Styrian panthers in the flanking sections on either side.

Comparators: The Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg has a Double-leaf, ornamental gate, which was made in Augsburg, Germany around 1600. This pairs of grills – used as a gate – has a similar scrolled design.

The Victoria and Albert Museum has a pair of Italian wrought iron 17th Century gates in their Metalwork Collection (Museum Number: 619&A-1875).
Height 86.00 cm (33.86 inches)
Width 55.00 cm (21.65 inches)
Stock Code
Forged iron.
Thomas Coulborn & Sons

Thomas Coulborn & Sons
Vesey Manor
64 Birmingham Road
Sutton Coldfield
West Midlands
B72 1QP

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