'The Apollo Régulateur'
'The Apollo Régulateur'
'The Apollo Régulateur'

FRANÇOIS LINKE (1855-1946)

'The Apollo Régulateur'

c. 1900 France

Offered by Adrian Alan

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An Important Exhibition Gilt-Bronze Mounted Régulateur de Parquet by François Linke after the Model by Balthazar Lieutaud and Phillippe Caffieri.

Linke Index Number '768'.
The movement numbered '20519' and '20002' with the 'Etienne Maxent / Paris' pastille.

Surmounted by Apollo in his horse-drawn chariot, this important longcase regulator clock has a rectangular case set with a circular dial with Roman and Arabic chapters and twin-barel movement, inscribed 'F. Linke /A Paris'. The movement is stamped ‘Etienne Maxent / Paris' and numbered '20519' and '20002'. The side panels of the clock are decorated with cube parquetry and the front with a glazed panel revealing the pendulum.The trunk is raised on a plinth base with a foliate gilt-bronze spreading collar and gilt-bronze bas reliefs of the seasons to the front and sides.

Linke produced three versions of this regulator clock, based on the celebrated eighteenth century model by Balthazar Liéutaud (d. 1780) and Philippe Caffièri (d. 1774), now in the Frick Collection, New York. The present version, which features Apollo in his horse-drawn chariot and three bas-relief plaques of the seasons to the plinth base, a second version with Léon Messagé's celebrated enfant guerrier as the surmount, with a single bas relief plaque to the front of the clock and a third version also incorporating the enfant guerrier, but with a newly designed front bas relief panel.

The present example, with the Apollo surmount, was exhibited at the 1905 Salon du Mobilier in Paris (see Payne, op. cit., p. 187, pl. 203); while the second version with the enfant guerrier, was shown at the 1902 Salon des Industries du Mobilier in Paris (see Payne, op. cit., p. 170, pl. 184). The third version incorporating the enfant guerrier and the new classical bas relief plaque, is not recorded as being exhibited but features prominently in two photographs of Linke's Place Vendôme showrooms taken after 1903, (see Payne, op. cit, pp. 160-1, pl. 171-2).

The regulator is based upon the eighteenth century model by Balthazar Lietaud with mounts by Philippe Caffieri, dated to 1767, now housed in the Frick Collection, New York. Other eighteenth century examples can be found in the Wallace Collection, the Palace of Versailles and in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Towards the end of the nineteenth century a number of these celebrated clocks were included in popular public loan exhibitions possibly inspiring distinguished ébénistes, such as Linke and Alfred Beurdeley, to create their own versions. The enormous cost of producing the bronze mounts meant that only very few examples were created as items of haute-lux.

An eighteenth century model veneered in ebony, and now at Versailles, was exhibited at the Exposition rétrospective de l'union centrale des arts décoratifs , Paris 1882, by the Musée Conservatoire national des arts et métiers. The example now in the Frick Collection, was exhibited at the Hotel de Chimay, Exposition de l'art français sous Louis XIV et sous Louis XV in 1888, and again at the Petit Palais Musée Retrospectif, at the Exposition Universelle of 1900.

The clock maker Etienne Maxant was located at 4 Rue Saintonge, Paris between 1880 and 1905 and is known to have supplied movements for most of François Linke's long case clocks (Payne, p. 131).
Payne, Christopher (2003), 'François Linke 1855-1946; The Belle Époque of French Furniture', Suffolk; p. 131, pp. 160-161, pl. 171-172, p. 170, pl. 184, pp. 184-185, pl. 200-201, p. 187, pl. 203.

De Champeau Et al (1883), 'Les arts du bois,' pub. Quantin; p. 100.

The Frick Collection (1992), ‘Furniture in The Frick Collection: Italian and French Renaissance, French 18th and 19th Centuries’ (Pt. I). Volume V. New York.
Height 252.00 cm (99.21 inches)
Width 56.00 cm (22.05 inches)
Depth 36.00 cm (14.17 inches)
Stock Code
Kingwood, Gilt-Bronze
The white enamel dial inscribed 'F. Linke / A Paris'. Signed 'F. Linke' to the right hand side of the tapering gilt-bronze border.
Adrian Alan

Adrian Alan
66/67 South Audley Street

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