Two big Meissen Pagoda figures
Two big Meissen Pagoda figures
Two big Meissen Pagoda figures

MEISSEN PORCELAIN (worked from 1710)
J.J. KAENDLER (1706-1775)

Two big Meissen Pagoda figures

c. 1713 Germany

Offered by Elfriede Langeloh

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The model dates from 1713. Shortly after the two pagoda figures were made of fine transparent and slightly yellow Böttger porcelain.

Height: 9,7 and 9,5 cm
No marks

The "big" pagoda figure is mentioned in the Meissen inventory with a height of 4 Saxon inches (= 9,4 – 9,7 cm). The small one, with a slightly different modeled head was 3,5 Saxon inches high (= 8,1 – 4 cm). The model of the Pagoda must have been after a Chinese example, but the immediate source has not been identified yet. The Pagoda ranks among the earliest figures of the Meissen manufactory.

At first they were made of Böttger stoneware (Pietsch 2010 pp. 170 f.). But they are neither mentioned in the Dresden warehouse inventory of May 1711 nor in the Meissen inventory of August 1711.

In 1713 the manufactory came up with the production of the white glazed Böttger porcelain. The big invoice list of the same year, which shows the porcelains ordered by Augustus the Strong for his royal court in Warsaw, includes "four Pagoda figures" and two "little Pagoda figures" (see Loesch 2013, transcription II 5 p. 184; Cassidy-Geiger 2008 Appendix II „Works designed for the Royal Palace in Warsaw“ pp. 773 - 781).

In the beginning the pagoda figures were not painted, only the warehouse inventory of the 1719 "Leipziger Ostermesse" mentions 18 painted pieces.

The 1721 inventory of the Japanese Palace mentions 6 big (not painted) and 6 small "sitting pagoda figures with open mouth" in chapter II, no. 87 (Menzhausen 1969 p. 46). After the 1770 inventory 3 of them have been preserved (Boltz 1996 p.21).

As well as their Chinese models the Meissen pagoda figures served as cases for fumigating candles, in which the aromatic smoke exits through mouth and ears (Pietsch 1993 p.26).

For a long time this model were produced without a base plate and without a tea set or other accessories. This changed in 1724 as can be seen from the work records of the Meissen "Dreher" and "Former" (Boltz 2002 p. 74).

From the beginning up to the 1730s years the pagoda figures have been very popular.

Comparative pieces:
The big Pagoda Collection Margarethe and Franz Oppenheimer (with not less than 32 pieces) includes a comparative piece with the number 2 (Schnorr von Carolsfeld 1927). Today this figure is part of the Rijksmuseum collection (Den Blaauwen no. 306). At the auction of the collection Mannheimer (auction house Müller, Amsterdam 15.10.1952 no. 380) two of these pagoda figures were sold.

Further comparative pieces:
– Collection Sidney J. Lamon (Christie's 29.11.1973, no 21, previously house Lichtenstein)
– G. Ryland Scott (plate 39, no. 153)
– Exhibition Lübeck (Pietsch 1993 no. 14)
– Collection Ludwig Bamberg (2010 no. 29)
Boltz, Claus:
- Japanisches Palais-Inventar 1770 und Turmzimmer-Inventar, 1769. In Keramos 153/1996
– Steinzeug und Porzellan der Böttgerperiode. In Keramos 167/68 2000
– Die wöchentlichen Berichte über die Tätigkeit der Meissner Dreher und Former vom 6. Juni 1722 bis 31. Dezember 1728. In Keramos 178 / 2002

Cassidy-Geiger, Maureen: The Arnhold Collection of Meissen Porcelain 1710–50. (London 2008)

Den Blaauwen, Abraham L.: Meissen Porcelain in the Rijksmuseum. (Amsterdam 2000)

Hanemann, Regina (Hg.): Goldchinesen und indianische Blumen. Die Sammlung Ludwig in Bamberg. (2010)

Loesch, Anette (Hg.): „Sächsisch schwartz lacquirtes Porcelain“: Das schwarz glasierte Böttgersteinzeug im Bestand der Dresdner Porzellansammlung. (Dresden 2013)

Menzhausen, Ingelore: Böttgersteinzeug - Böttgerporzellan - aus der Dresdner Porzellansammlung - Zum 250. Todestag Johann Friedrich Böttgers. (1969)

Pietsch, Ulrich:
– Frühes Meissner Porzellan aus Privatbesitz. Exhibition catalogue (Lübeck 1993)
– Triumph der blauen Schwerter. Exhibition catalogue (Leipzig 2010)

Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Ludwig: Sammlung Margarete und Franz Oppenheimer. Private print (Berlin 1927)

Scott, Cleo M. & G. Ryland Jr.: Antique Porcelain Digest. (Newport 1961)
Stock Code
WE 2836
Elfriede Langeloh

Elfriede Langeloh
Am Michelsgrund 14
Weinheim
69469
Germany

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