BACCARAT

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Baccarat is the world's leading manufacturer of crystalware. Founded in 1764 under the patronage of Louis XV as Renault et Compagnie, the firm became known as the Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat during the nineteenth Century.


The company began to flourish at the beginning of the Nineteenth Century, as the effects of the Napoleonic Wars abated, and its reputation was consolidated by the official approval from various sovereigns and heads of state. At the 1823 Exposition Nationale in Paris, it was Baccarat's crystalware that Louis XVIII was said to have particularly admired, appreciating its 'beautiful workmanship'.


It was Charles X's visit to the crystalworks in 1828 however that had the most significant repercussions for the company. Baccarat presented the monarch with a gift of two magnificent Medici Vases, a large crystal Ewer, a fifteen piece Tea Service and a five-piece Water Set. The king then ordered a dinner service for the Tuileries, while the Duchess d'Angoulême personally chose a set of eighteen glasses, described by her as '..sturdy, balanced, perfect'. Later Louis-Philippe and Napoléon II also visited the crystalworks and were followed by a succession of French presidents and foreign heads of state.


François-Eugène de Fontenay (who joined the company in 1841) discovered that by the addition of the nickel oxide in the manufacturing process, a perfectly clear product, 'crystal glass', free of discolouration and imitating precious rock crystal was produced. This is just one of many technical innovations and improvements discovered by Baccarat, that make it the company it is today.


The Baccarat company was awarded a Gold medal at the French Exposition des Produits de l'Industrie in 1855 and has continued to carry off the top prizes ever since. In 1867 they exhibited a gigantic fountain twenty four feet tall, with a basin ten feet in diameter, which it was said 'simply took visitors breath away'.


With the continuing improvement in their manufacturing standards, the quality of Baccarat's 'crystal glass' improved and reached the highest level by the end of the century, competing successfully with the Bohemian glass industry. Baccarat 'crystal glass' is highly regarded, not only for its unusual clarity, but also for its great solidity and weight.


Makers Bibliography:


La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat, Tarif des Articles d'Eclairage, (Paris), Edition 1903-4.


Curtis, Jean-Louis, Baccarat, Thames and Hudson, (London), 1992.


Meyer, Jonathan, Great Exhibitions: London, New York, Paris, Philadelphia, 1851-1900, Antique Collector's Club (Woodbridge, UK) 2006, p.263

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BACCARAT
An Exceptional Pair of Early 20th Century Baccarat Chandeliers
An Exceptional Pair of Early 20th Century Gilt Bronze and Beaded Crystal Nineteen Light Baccarat Chandeliers Each corona set with leaves and cas...
US$67500
Charles Cheriff Galleries, Ltd.
BACCARAT
A Baccarat frosted glass and acid etched ewer
Of a baluster form, decorated in blue with herons on a riverbank amidst bullrushes and trees; featuring a star cut base
£5500
Mayfair Gallery Ltd.
BACCARAT
A Crystal Glass and Gilt-Bronze Mounted Nine-Piece Dessert Service
A Fine and Decorative Crystal Glass and Gilt-Bronze Mounted Nine-Piece Dessert Service by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat comprising: ...
Price On Application
Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A Fine Gilt-Bronze and Cut Crystal Tent and Bag Chandelier
A Fine Gilt-Bronze and Cut Crystal Tent and Basket Chandelier Attributed to La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat.
Price On Application
Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A Fine Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze and Cut Glass Twenty-Four Light Chandelier
A Fine Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Crystal Twenty-Four-Light Chandelier by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. This fine gilt-...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A Fine Neo-Classical Eight-Light Crystal Chandelier
A Fine Neo-Classical Eight-Light Crystal Chandelier by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. The chandelier having a shallow bowl hung wi...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A fine pair of Baccarat white opaline glass vases
Each of baluster form, with twin satyr-mask handles, decorated to both sides with bouquets and scattered sprays of flowers, the mouthes and feet wi...
£9500
Mayfair Gallery Ltd.
BACCARAT
A Fine Pair of Cut Crystal Two-Light Wall Appliques
A Fine Pair of Cut-Crystal Two Light Wall Appliqués, by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. Each appliqué has a circular cut-crystal ...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A fine pair of parcel gilt opaline glass vases
Attributed to J.F. Robert (French, 1778-1832) Decorated with spiraling garlands of flowers in vibrant colours
£22000
Mayfair Gallery Ltd.
BACCARAT
A FRENCH 19TH CENTURY CHANDELIER
A very fine french XIX century gilt-bronze and crystal chandelier with bronze puttis all arround the structure.
US$18000
Bolmani Antiques
BACCARAT
A Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Decanter Set
A Fine and Decorative Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Decanter Set by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat.
Price On Application
Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Thirty-Two Light Chandelier
A Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Thirty-Two-Light Chandelier by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. This fine chandelier has...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A monumental and magnificent 157-light crystal chandelier by Baccarat
Comprising approximately 11,000 individually signed pieces; another example of the same model is showcased at the Musée Baccarat, Paris (pictured)...
Price On Application
Mayfair Gallery Ltd.
BACCARAT
A Napoleon III period Baccarat opaline overlay drinks service
Comprising a tray, a glass, a decanter, a covered bowl and a small covered flask, decorated with birds and flowers on red ground with white overlay...
£8500
Mayfair Gallery Ltd.
BACCARAT
A Rare and Exceptional 127 Piece ‘Lorient’ Table Service
A Rare and Exceptional 127 Piece ‘Lorient’ Table Service by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. The Service Comprising: Eighteen C...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A Round Crystal and Gilt-Bronze Liqueur Cabinet
A Round Crystal and Gilt-Bronze Liqueur Cabinet, Attributed to La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat, complete with three decanter bottles and...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A Very Fine Gilt-Bronze Mounted Crystal Vase Clock
A Very Fine Gilt-Bronze Mounted Crystal Vase Clock by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat.
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
A wonderful Baccarat chandelier.
A wonderful twelve light Baccarat crystal and gilt bronze chandelier. The drip pans stamped BACCARAT.
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John Bly
BACCARAT
An Extremely Rare Pair of Cameo Glass Vases
An Extremely Rare Pair of Cameo Glass Vases by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. The vases are etched on opposing sides with classica...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
An Important Pair of Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Figural Wall Appliqués
An Important Pair of Gilt-Bronze and Cut-Glass Figural Six-Light Wall Appliqués by La Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat. This magnificent...
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Adrian Alan
BACCARAT
An opaline glass vase
Of amphora form, the body applied with flowers and foliage in vibrant colours, with gilt detailing to the base and rim
£4500
Mayfair Gallery Ltd.
BACCARAT
Baccarat basket chandelier
Beautiful gilt bronze and crystal basket style chandelier by Baccarat.
US$66500
Maurice Chandelier
BACCARAT
Baccarat chandelier
Elegant gilt bronze and crystal chandelier by Baccarat having six lights.
US$6500
Maurice Chandelier
BACCARAT
Baccarat Crystal Fifteen Light Chandelier
An Elegant Late 19th Century Gilt Bronze and Baccarat Crystal Fifteen Light Chandelier Multi-faceted and shaped crystal, beaded arms, cut crysta...
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Charles Cheriff Galleries, Ltd.
BACCARAT
Fantastic Late 19th Century Gilt Bronze and Baccarat Crystal Chandelier
A Large and Fantastic Late 19th Century Gilt Bronze and Baccarat Crystal Thirty Light Chandelier Multi-faceted and shaped crystal, beaded arms w...
US$175000
Charles Cheriff Galleries, Ltd.
BACCARAT
Gilded bronze and cut glass twelve-light Chandelier by Baccarat
Gilded bronze and cut glass twelve-light Chandelier by Baccarat: the candle branches on two tiers with glass candle pans; dressed with cut-glass '...
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Denton Antiques
BACCARAT
Gilt Bronze and Baccarat Crystal Five Light Sconces
A Fantastic and Palatial Set of Four Late 19th Century Gilt Bronze and Baccarat Crystal Five Light Sconces Multi-faceted and shaped crystal, cut...
US$75000
Charles Cheriff Galleries, Ltd.
BACCARAT
Pair of Baccarat sconces
Very fine pair of bronze and crystal two light sconces by Baccarat
US$4950
Maurice Chandelier
BACCARAT
Pair of four-branch Baccarat Classical Lady glass Candelabra
Pair of four branch Baccarat Classical Lady glass Candelabra: the frosted glass figure in draped classical dress on a clear ribbed glass domed bas...
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Denton Antiques
BACCARAT
Pair of frosted glass Baccarat 'turn-tail' Dolphin Candlesticks
Pair of frosted glass Baccarat 'turn-tail' Dolphin Candlesticks: the frosted glass dolphins with flower-shaped clear glass candle-cups and pans an...
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Denton Antiques
BACCARAT
Pair of sconces
Pair of gilt bronze and crystal sconces having two lights, by Baccarat
US$10625
Maurice Chandelier
BACCARAT
Spectacular Large Baccarat Painted Vase and Cover
A large 19th century opaline white glass vase and cover, by Baccarat. Fine painted decoration, possibly by Jean Francois Robert, of floral bouquet...
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Taylor-Smith Antiques
BACCARAT
Twin branch Baccarat frosted and clear glass 'Dolphin' Candelabra
Twin branch Baccarat frosted and clear glass 'Dolphin' Candelabra: the frosted asymmetrical dolphins bearing curved cut glass arms with a shell-sh...
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Denton Antiques