Horace Mann Livens
Horace Mann Livens was born in 1862. After making rapid progress in painting at evening classes Livens studied at the Antwerp Academy. During his time in Antwerp he formed a close friendship with fellow student Vincent Van Gogh. Livens painted the erliest known portrait of Vincent, a reproduction of which was published in the Flemish periodical, Van Nu En Straks in 1893.
Recommended by Vincent, Livens visited Paris and devoted himself to study modern French painting and was especially impressed by the figures and landscapes of Manet and still life paintings of Ribot. He was also impressed by the "elimination of the superfluous" of Whistler's art.
Back in London Livens exhibited at the Royal Academy, the New English Art Club and Royal Society of British Artists. He was elected a member of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers in 1907, Whistler being it's first president.
Livens had several one man shows including at the Goupil Gallery in 1911 and 1914 and a major exhibition was mounted by Belgrave Gallery London in 1978 and was also shown in the municipal galleries of Worthing, Cardiff and Reading.
Livens was unable to paint after 1930 as a result of illness and he died in 1936.