John Grant of Fleet Street, London
There were two makers with the name John Grant - father and son.
John Grant (1) was an apprentice of Alex Cumming who was his Uncle. He gained honorary Freedom in 1781 and became a warden of the Company in 1810.
By 1793 he was working at 75 Fleet Street and took Henry Baker as an apprentice. In 1794 he advertised in a local trade directory as a watchmaker at 75 Fleet Street. John was involved in the early development – pre 1800, and use of the lever escapement. In 1809 he took his son also called John Grant as an apprentice. The Collection of the Worshipful Company have at many examples of his work, courtesy of a donation from his son, John junior.
For some time in the early 1790’s they traded as Cummings and Grant who succeeded them and then became John Grant.
John died in 1810.
John Grant (2) was born in 1796 in Fleet Street, London, the son of John Grant to whom he was apprenticed in Nov 1809. He gained his freedom in February 1817. Through the Worshipful Company he joined the Livery in 1817, became Master in 1838, 1839, 1846, 1858 and 1868. Throughout this time he was working at 75 Fleet Street and he advertised in local trade directories for at least 1822-3 and 1841. He inherited a pawnbroking business at London Wall in 1852 and about this time seems to have been succeeded in Fleet Street by Henry Bannister.
The first census in 1841 has him living in Fleet Street, John Grant (45) watch and clock maker, Annabella Grant (50) and Mary Grant (45). This census did not state the relationship between householders.
Before the 1851 census John had moved to Cookham, Berkshire where he remained for the rest of his life. John Grant (55) retired watchmaker, wife Ellen E. (50) plus a nurse, a house servant and a groom.
The 1861 census has John Grant (65)pawnbroker employing 3 men and 1 boy, wife Eleanor E. (60) plus a cook and a housemaid.
By 1871 the address has a name;- The Ferns, Cookham, Berkshire. John Grant (75) is now a widower and retired watch and clock maker although still working as a pawnbroker, living with his niece Fanny Troughton (44), plus a cook and a housemaid.
In the 1881 census John was still living at The Ferns, Cookham, Berkshire. John Grant (85) Widow Retired Watch & Clock Maker his niece Fanny Troughton (53)and three servants; a cook a domestic servant and a groom.
John seems to have given up membership of the Worshipful Company in 1867, he died in 1882 at the age of 85.