John Smart, the English miniature painter, was born in Norfolk; he became a pupil of Cosway, and is frequently alluded to in his correspondence. He became director and vice-president of the Incorporated Society of Artists, and exhibited with that society. He went to India in 1788 where he obtained a number of commissions. He settled in London in 1797 and lived there for the rest of his life. He married Edith Vere, and is believed to have had only one son who died in Madras. He was a member of the Society of Sandemanians. Many of his pencil drawings still exist in the possession of the descendants of a great friend of his only sister. Several of his miniatures are in Australia and belong to a cadet branch of the family. His work is entirely different to that of Cosway, quiet and grey in its colouring, with the flesh tints elaborated with much subtlety and modelled in exquisite fashion. He possessed a great knowledge of anatomy, and his portraits are drawn with greater anatomical accuracy and possess more distinction than those of any miniature painter of his time.