THOMAS CHIPPENDALE

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Thomas Chippendale (probably born at OtleyWest Riding of Yorkshire, baptised at Otley 16 June [O.S. 5 June] 1718 – November 1779)[ was a London cabinet-maker and furniture designer in the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles. In 1754 he published a book of his designs, titled The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Director. The designs are regarded as reflecting the current London fashion for furniture for that period and were used by other cabinet makers outside London.


Chippendale was the only child of John Chippendale (1690–1768), joiner, and his first wife Mary (née Drake) (1693–1729). He received an elementary education at Prince Henry's Grammar School. The Chippendale family had long been in the wood working trades and so he probably received his basic training from his father, though it is believed that he was also trained by Richard Wood in York, before he moved to London. Wood later ordered eight copies of the Director. On 19 May 1748 he married Catherine Redshaw at St George's Chapel, Mayfair and they had five boys and four girls.


In 1749 Chippendale rented a modest house in Conduit Court, near Covent Garden. In 1752 he moved to Somerset Court, off the Strand. In 1754 Chippendale moved to 60–62 St. Martin's Lane in London, where for the next 60 years the family business operated until 1813 when his son, Thomas Chippendale (Junior), was evicted for bankruptcy. In 1754 he also went into partnership with James Rannie, a wealthy Scottish merchant, who put money into the business at the same time as Chippendale brought out the first edition of the Director. Rannie and his bookkeeper, Thomas Haig, probably looked after the finances of the business. His wife, Catherine, died in 1772. After James Rannie died in 1766, Thomas Haig seems to have borrowed £2,000 from Rannie's widow, which he used to become Chippendale's partner. One of Rannie's executors, Henry Ferguson, became a third partner and so the business became Chippendale, Haig and Co. Thomas Chippendale (Junior) took over the business in 1776 allowing his father to retire. He moved to what was then called Lob's Fields (now known as Derry Street) in Kensington. Chippendale married Elizabeth Davis at Fulham Parish Church on 5 August 1777. He fathered three more children. In 1779 Chippendale moved to Hoxton where he died of tuberculosis and was buried at St Martin-in-the-Fields on 16 November 1779.


 


There is a statue and memorial plaque dedicated to Chippendale outside The Old Grammar School Gallery in Manor Square, in his home town of Otley, near LeedsYorkshire. There is a full-size sculpted figure of Thomas Chippendale on the façade of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

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THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III APOTHECARY BOX
A good George III Chippendale period mahogany apothecary box of square form, the hinged lid fitted a brass axe-head handle; opening to reveal an in...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
George III pair of Mahogany Open Armchairs in the manner of Chippendale
Good George III pair of mahogany open armchairs in the manner of Chippendale, and of very elegant proportions. The oval padded back with a moulded...
£5800
Gary Wright Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
18th Century Chippendale Mahogany Cabinet.
A fine late 18th century Chippendale mahogany two door cabinet. The cabinet has a pair of doors with flamed mahogany panels surrounded by a bea...
£1950
Graham Smith Antiques
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
18th Century Solid Mahogany Chippendale Period Butler's Tray
The tray has exceptional colour and patination with the original untouched surface. Dimensions with sides up:- 29" (74cm) wide x 36" (92cm) hig...
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Freshfords Fine Antiques
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
19th Century Chippendale Mahogany Armchair
England, circa 1850 A fine 19th century Chippendale mahogany armchair, the pierced splat with gothic arches and crisply carved acanthus scrolls,...
£3900
Nicholas Wells Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A carved Chippendale cabinet.
A rare George III Chippendale period carved mahogany cabinet; the cleated top above a pair of cupboard doors which are veneered with panels of Cuba...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Chippendale carved and painted mirror.
A George III Chippendale period carved and painted mirror in the Rococo taste; the crisply carved frame surmounted by a Chinese fisherman and compo...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A CHIPPENDALE CELLARETTE
A very fine George III Chippendale period mahogany six bottle wine carrier or cellarette, in the manner of Thomas Chippendale, of excellent colour ...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Chippendale Gainsborough armchair.
A fine George III Chippendale period mahogany Gainsborough armchair; the camel back above downswept arms carved with acanthus leaves and a patera, ...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A CHIPPENDALE GILTWOOD GIRANDOLE
An exceptional George III giltwood girandole attributed to Thomas Chippendale. This girandole is characteristic of the exuberance of English rococo...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Chippendale period window seat.
A George III Chippendale period mahogany window seat; the upholstered seat with scrolling arms raised on square chamfered legs united by an H-stret...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Chippendale Style Mahogany Wing chair
A mahogany framed wing chair of Chippendale design with finely pronounced serpentine wings, square tapered supports with an H stretcher. Early 20th...
£1250
Windsor House Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A fine Chippendale folding Card Table
A fine 19th century Chippendale mahogany card table in the French taste with highly carved frieze and cabriole legs.
£9900
Nicholas Wells Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Fine Pair of Chippendale Period Chairs
A fine quality pair of 18th century mahogany chairs in the style of Thomas Chippendale. The hooped backrail with rosette carved terminals above ri...
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Christopher Buck Antiques
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A fine pair of Chippendale period mahogany wall shelves.
A fine Set of Chippendale period Mahogany fret work wall shelves of Chines influence.
£5800
Wick Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Fine Quality18th Century Clothes Press
The two doors above two short, and one long drawer below fitted with Rococco brass handles. The whole resting on bracket feet. Superb original surf...
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Corfield Potashnick
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III CHIPPENDALE PERIOD ARMCHAIR
A good George III mahogany Chippendale period armchair; the mahogany of fine colour throughout; the design of this chair is inspired by the drawing...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III CHIPPENDALE PERIOD WING CHAIR
A fine George III Chippendale period mahogany wing chair; of elegant design and fine proportions; standing on square chamfered moulded legs, with a...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III GILTWOOD ARMCHAIR ATTRIBUTED TO THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (44c9858)
An exceptional mid 18th century carved giltwood armchair attributed to Thomas Chippendale the oval stuffed back with a floral sprig carving to the ...
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Ronald Phillips Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY BUTLER’S TRAY ON STAND
The oval tray with extending hinges sides with integral handles, on a mahogany x-frame stand. Related trays with carrying handles, but with fixe...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY CHEST OF DRAWERS
A fine George III Chippendale period mahogany chest of drawers; the moulded serpentine top above four graduated shaped drawers with gilt bronze fol...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY CHEST OF DRAWERS (4495211)
A charming mid 18th century Chippendale period straight fronted chest of drawers. The crossbanded top with moulded edge above brushing slide and fo...
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Ronald Phillips Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY POLE SCREEN
The rectangular mahogany framed screen enclosing to the front a panel of 18th century Chinese wallpaper, the reverse now fitted with French silk, t...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY SERPENTINE CHEST OF DRAWERS (4431711)
A mid 18th century Chippendale period serpentine mahogany dressing chest, the shaped padouk crossbanded moulded top above a fitted drawer with a gr...
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Ronald Phillips Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A George III Mahogany Side Table in the manner of Thomas Chippendale
with rectangular frieze with blind fret carving and foliate carved apron with fossil Derbyshire marble top.
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Jamb
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY SPIDER LEG TABLE
A charming George III mahogany spider-leg table, in the manner of Thomas Chippendale, the rectangular twin-flap drop-leaf top standing on ring turn...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY TRAY ON STAND
A finely figured oval mahogany tray with deep side and turned scroll carrying handles, the mahogany sides with two brass bands running around the c...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A MAGNIFICENT PAIR OF CHIPPENDALE PERIOD GILTWOOD MIRRORS
A very fine and rare pair of George III giltwood oval mirrors, in the manner of Thomas Chippendale, of particularly accomplished drawing and propor...
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Mackinnon - Fine Furniture
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A matched pair of Chippendale period mahogany side chairs
A fine matched pair of George II period mahogany side chairs in the manner of Thomas Chippendale. The backs with shaped and crisply carved top rail...
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Millington Adams
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A pair of Chippendale bedside tables.
A closely matched pair of Chippendale period mahogany pot cupboards; the shaped tray top pierced with carrying handles above a cupboard door and ra...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A pair of Chippendale period mahogany side chairs
A fine pair of George II period mahogany side chairs in the manner of Thomas Chippendale. The backs with shaped and crisply carved top rail with ce...
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Millington Adams
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A pair of Chippendale style mirrors.
A pair of Chippendale revival giltwood girandole mirrors in the Rococo taste; the later mirror plate enclosed within a frame of C and S scrolls car...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A pair of Chippendale tray top commodes.
A closely matched pair of George III Chippendale period mahogany tray top commodes; the tray top pierced with carrying handles above a pair of cupb...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A pair of George III giltwood armchairs attributed to Thomas Chippendale
A superb pair of George III carved giltwood armchairs attributed to Thomas Chippendale. The shaped backs with serpentine top rail with central carv...
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Millington Adams
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A PAIR OF GEORGE III GILTWOOD ARMCHAIRS ATTRIBUTED TO THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (448412...
An important pair of mid 18th century giltwood armchairs attributed to Thomas Chippendale, having cartouche shaped padded backs with leaf cresting,...
Price On Application
Ronald Phillips Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Pair of George III Style Giltwood Mirrors
An Exceptional Pair of George III Style Giltwood Mirrors, the glass plate within a carved and moulded asymmetrical cartouche frame in the Rococo ma...
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Adrian Alan
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A rare Chippendale tripod table.
A rare Chippendale period mahogany tripod table; the top with a pierced scrolling fretwork gallery raised on crisply carved stem with terminates in...
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Reindeer Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A set of eight 19th century Chippendale style mahogany dining chairs
A set of eight 19th century Chippendale style mahogany dining chairs, with pierced splat backs, drop-in seats supported on square shape chamfered l...
£3800
Hallidays (Fine Antiques) Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A Set of Eight Late 19th / Early 20th Century Chippendale Style Dining Chairs
A Set of Eight Late 19th / Early 20th Century Chippendale Style Dining Chairs Comprising of two arm and six side chairs, ball and claw feet. ...
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Charles Cheriff Galleries, Ltd.
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
A superb and highly important library table in the manner of Thomas Chippendale....
A superb and highly important library table in the manner of Thomas Chippendale. During the first decade of the reign of George III the newly fashi...
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John Bly
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
AN IRISH MAHOGANY TEA TABLE
A fine mid 18th century mahogany tea table, the four legs boldly carved with acanthus and terminating in clawed typically Irish feet. The shaped ap...
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Tarquin Bilgen
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
Antique , Carved Mahogany Chippendale Period Drawing Room Chair
A Fine Example of a Chippendale Director Period , Mahogany Drawing Room Sidechair .The Carving of Such Extremely High Quality Suggesting a Maker of...
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Michael Lipitch Limited
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
Antique Chippendale breakfront bookcase
A George III Chippendale period breakfront bookcase in quality pommelle mahogany: finely carved swan-neck pediment; particularly good low-waisted p...
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Moxhams Antiques
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
Antique Chippendale Period Pedestal Chest
An Incredibly Rare Chippendale Period Mahogany Pedestal Chest Of Four Drawers With Original Swan Neck Handles Retaining Wonderful Colour And Patina...
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S & S Timms Antiques Ltd
THOMAS CHIPPENDALE (1718-1779)
Antique Georgian Chippendale card table
A fine George III Chippendale period mahogany games table of a good original colour and patina. Good model: the interior with counter wells and ...
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Moxhams Antiques